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人教版初一英语下册各单元知识点(一)

2017-8-28 10:51| 发布者: 电子学生证| 查看: 459| 评论: 0

摘要: Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一、词组 be from= come form 来自... pen pal=pen friend 笔友 like and dislike 好恶;爱憎 live in +地点 在...居住 speak +语言 讲某种语言 play sports 做体育运动 a littl ...

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一、词组

be from= come form 来自...

pen pal=pen friend 笔友

like and dislike  好恶;爱憎

live in +地点 ...居住

speak +语言 讲某种语言

play sports  做体育运动

a little French  一些法语

go to the movies 去看电影

write to sb 给某人写信

an action movie 一部动作片

on weekends 在周末

tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事

Excuse me  对不起,打扰

get to 到达、抵达

二、句型

1Where+be+主语+from?   主语+be+from+地点.

2、Where do/does+主语+live?    主语+live/lives in…

3、What language do/does +主语+speak?   主语+speak/speaks….

4、主语+like/likes+doing/to do…

5What is your favorite subject/sport?   My favorite subject/sport is…

6 It’s fun.

7 Is that your new pen pal?    Yes, it is.

 

Unit 2 Where’s the post office

一、词组

post office 邮局

pay phone 投币式公用电话

next to ...隔壁

across from ...对面

in front of ...前面

between…and… 在......之间

on a street  在街上

in the neighborhood 在附近

on the right/left  在右边/在左边

behind…后面

on Green street 在格林街上

near…附近

go straight 一直走

welcome to… 欢迎

enjoy+名词/doing喜欢做某事

have fun 过得愉快

play +the+乐器 弹奏乐器

on one’s right/left 在某人的右边/左边

turn right/left 向右/左转

take a walk 散步

have fun 玩得开心

the way to …去...的路

let sb do sth 让某人做某事

take a taxi 打的/乘出租车

go down(along)…沿着...

go through...穿过..

have a good trip  旅途愉快

arrive at(小地方) /in(大地方)到达

at the beginning of ...开始的时候

at the end of ...结束的时候

hope to do sth/that/for sth

二、句型。

1Is there a .?句型.Eg:

  -Excuse me.Is there a hotel in the neighborhood.

-Yes, there is. No.there isn’t

2Where is ?句型.Eg:

-Where is the park,please?

-It’s behind the bank.(肯定回答)

-I’m sorry I don’t know. (否定回答)

3Which is the way to +地点? 句型.如:

Which is the way to the library.

4How can I get to  +地点?句型.如:

How can I get to the restaurant?

5Can you tell me the way to +地点?句型.如:

Can you tell me the way to the post office?

6Let me tell you the way to my house.

7Just go straight and turn left.

三、日常交际用语

1Is there a bank near here?   Yes, there is .It’s on Centre Street.  /No, there isn’t.

2Where’s the supermarket?  It’s next to the library.

3Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.

4I hope you have a good trip.

5If you are hungry,you can buy food in the restaurant.

6Talk a walk though the park..

7 I know you are arriving next Sunday. 我知道你下周日要来。

 

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一、词组

want to do sth .想要做某事 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事 want sth 想要某物

Let sb do sth 让某人做某事

kind of 有几分\种类          a kind of 一种

years old …年龄

like to do sth/like doing sth  喜欢做某事

play with … 与...一起玩

during the day 在白天

at night 在夜间

have a look at.. ...

one…the other  一个...另一个...

二、句型与日常交际用语

1-why do you like pandas?/ -Why dose he like koalas?

-Because they’re very cure.

2 Why do you want to see the lions? Because they’re …

3-Where are lions from?

-Lions are from South Africa.

4-What (other) animals do you like?

-I like elephants.

other+名词的复数.表示没有特定的数量范围

the other+名词的复数表示有特定的数量范围

5-Do you like giraffes?

-Yes, I do. / No, I don’t

 

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一、词组

want to be+a/an+职业  想要成为

shop assistant店员

bank clerk银行职员

work with 一起工作

help sb (to) do sth/sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

as…作为

work hard 努力工作   work for 为…而工作  work as 作为…而工作

get.. from…..获得

give sth.to.sb /give.sb.sth 把某物给某人

in the day 在白天

at night 在夜间

talk to /with 与…讲话

go out to dinners 外出吃饭

in a hospital 在医院

newspaper reporter报社记者

movie actor 电影演员

二、句型

1What do/does+某人+do?如:

-What do you do?

-I’m a student.

-What dose he do?

-He’s a teacher.

2-What do/does+某人+want to be?如:

-What do you want to be?

-I want to be a teacher.

3-Where does your sister work? 

-She works in a hospital.

4-Does he work in the hospital?

-Yes, he does/No, he doesn’t

5-Does she work late?

-Yes, she does/No, she doesn’t

6、英语中询问职业的几种表达方式:

What do/does do?/What is…? /What is your father’s job? /What’s one’s job? 

 

Unit 5 I’m watching TV.

一、词组

do one’s homework 做家庭作业

watch TV  看电视

eat dinner 吃饭;就餐

clean the room 打扫房间

talk on the phone 电话聊天

sound +形容词 听起来

thanks for+n/doing为某事感谢某人

go shopping/swimming去购物/游泳

at the pool 在游泳池

read newspaper/a book  看报纸/看书

go to the movies 看电影

write a letter 写信

wait for 等待;等候

talk about 谈论

play basketball/soccer/  打篮球/踢足球

take photos 拍照

TV show 电视节目

some of…中的一些

a photo of my family 我的家庭照

at school 在学校

be with 和……一起

in the tree 在树上

in the first/last photo在第一张/最后一张照片

with sb 和某人在一起

二、句型与日常交际用语

1.-What+be+主语+doing? …正在做什么?

-主语+be doing…  …正在做某事

2.-Here are/is…例:

Here are some of my photos. /Here is a photo of my family.

3.-Do you want to go to the movies?

-Sure.

4.-When do you want to go?

-Let’s go at seven.

5.-Where do people play basketball?

-At school.

6.-What’s he waiting for?

-He’s waiting for a bus.

7.-What’s he reading?

-He’s reading a newspaper.

8. Can +do(动词原形可以

You can see my family at home.   

三、语法——现在进行时

1)现在在进行时的形式:助动词be(am,is,are)+动词-ing形式(也叫现在分词),表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。

2)现在进行时的肯定句形式:主语+be(am,is,are)+动词现在分词+其他   

例:I’m watching TV.

3)现在进行时的否定句形式:主语+be(am,is,are)+not+动词现在分词+其他

例:They are not playing soccer.

4)现在进行时的一般疑问句形式及回答:

——Is(am,are)+主语+动词现在分词+其他?

——Yes,主语+is/am/are. 

No,主语+isn’t/aren’t/am not. 

例:Are you reading? Yes,I am. No,I am not.

5) 现在进行时的特殊疑问句形式:特殊疑问词+is/am/are+主语+现在分词+其他

例:What is your brother doing?

 

Unit 6 It’s raning!

一、词组

play computer games 打电子游戏

in picture 在图片里

around  the world 世界各地

on vacation 度假

take photos 拍照

on the beach 在海边

lie on the beach 躺在沙滩上

a group of people 一群人

play beach volleyball 打沙滩排球

be surprised at sth./sb.对某人或某人感到惊讶

in this heat 在酷暑中

be relaxed 放松

have a good time 玩得很痛快

in different kind of weather  在不同的天气里

thank sb for(doing)sth由于某事而感谢某人

How’s it going? 近况如何

some…others…一些另一些

look like..看起来像

look+adj 看起来

look at sb doing/do sth 看某人正在做某事/做了某事(事情的全过程)

everyone后面使用单三

二、句型/日常交际用语

(1)-How’s the weather(+地点)?

 -It’s raining?

(2)-What’s the weather like?-

It’s sunny./It’s cold and snowing.  

(3)-How’s it going?

 -Great. /Not bad./Terrible/Pretty good!

(4)Thanks you for joining CCTV’s Around the World show!

(5)-Is Aunt Wang there?

-Yes, she is/No, she isn’t

(6) There are many people here on vacation.

路过
路过
雷人
雷人
握手
握手
鲜花
鲜花
鸡蛋
鸡蛋

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