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Unit 2 What’s the matter?

2017-8-28 10:55| 发布者: 电子学生证| 查看: 649| 评论: 0

摘要: 词组 1. Have a cold 感冒 2. sore back 背痛 3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进 4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach ...

词组

1. Have a cold 感冒

2. sore back 背痛  

3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进 

4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛

= I have got a stomachache

= There is something wrong with my stomach

= My stomach hurts

= I have (got) a pain in my stomach

5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?

= What’s the trouble (with you)?

   = What’s your trouble?

= What’s wrong (with you)?

= What’ the matter (with you)?

=What has happened to you?

= Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?

6. sore throat 咽喉痛  

7. lie down and rest 躺下休息

8. see a dentist 看牙医

9. drink lots of water 多喝水

10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶

11.That’s a good idea 好主意

12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了

13.I think so 我认为如此

14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服

= I’m not feeling fine/all right.

= I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad.

= I don’t feel well.

15. get some rest 多休息

16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道

17. stressed out 筋疲力

18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了

19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式 

20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医

21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和 

22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛

23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡 

24. healthy food 健康食品

25. stay healthy 保持健康

=keep healthy=keep in good health

= keep fit

26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself

反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快

=have a good time = have a wonderful time

 = have fun

27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth

practice doing sth.练习做某事,

mind doing sth. 介意做某事,

finish doing sth.完成某事,

give up doing sth.放弃做某事,

can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事,

keep ding sth. 坚持做某事. keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth.

be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事

be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事

make a contribution to doing sth...做贡献

go on doing sth. 继续做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做某事

remember doing sth. 记得做某事

spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事

prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...   

28. at the moment = now 此刻

29. Host family 东道家庭

30. Conversation practice会话练习  

31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过


Section A

知识要点

1. What’s the matter?

这句话通常用于询问别人身体有什么不舒服,或有何麻烦,后跟with构成:What’s the matter with…?类似的句子还有:What’s wrong with…? What’s the trouble with…? 他们的答语往往是表示得了什么病,或什么地方不舒服,常用句型“somebody has/have a+相应的名词”。如:have a headache, have a toothache, have a sore throat, have a cold, have a sore back等。

典型例题1

             ?

I have a cold.

A. What’s the wrong?B. What’s the matter with you? C. How are you?

解析:答语的意思是:我感冒了。所以问句应该是询问病情的, 故排除选项CWhat’s wrong?是一个固定句型,不能加the, 所以只能选B.

2. should的运用

情态动词should,本单元表示“应该,应当”, 后加动词原形,可用于各种人称。他比must的语气要委婉,用来表示向对方提出建议或忠告, 或者表示某种义务或责任。其否定形式为shouldn’t, 意思是“不应该,不应当”。

典型例题2

He should          (eat) more fruit every day.

解析:由于should后面要跟动词原形,不受主语影响。所以答案为:eat.

Section B

知识要点

1. a few几个,一些     There are a few apples on the table. 有几个苹果在桌子上。

【区别】few/a few; little/ a little

1) Few a few都用来修饰可数名词;little a little都用来修饰不可数名词。

2) Fewlittle表示“很少”,含有否定的意思。如:Few men can do this. 没有几个人能做这件事。There is little milk in the bottle. 瓶子里几乎没有牛奶了。

3) a few a little表示“有一点”或“有一些”,含有肯定的意思。如:I have a few good friends. 我有一些好朋友。Please give me a little water. 请给我一点水。

典型例题:

选用合适的词或短语填空。

A: few   B: a few   C: little   D: a little

1. there is          meat in the fridge. I have to buy some.    2. They spent          hours doing the work.

解析:第一题中meat是不可数名词,故只能在little a little中选,由于后面提到“我得去买。”说明冰箱里几乎没有肉了。所以,选C.

第二道题中是可数名词,所以排除选项CD。由于句子意思是说: 他们花了几个小时做作业。是肯定意思,故选B.

2. 【区别】too muchmuch tootoo many

1too muchtoo many意思都为“太多的”。

2too much修饰不可数名词,而too many修饰可数名词复数。

3) much too为副词,表示“非常地:及其”。

典型例题:

选用合适的短语填空。

Atoo much  B. too many   C. much too

1.There are          books on the desk.

2.That’s           interesting,

解析:第一题中books是可数名词,句子意思是:有太多的书在桌子上。只有too many修饰可数名词,故选B. 第二题要表达:那太有趣了。Interesting是形容词,所以答案选C.

随堂达标

一、单项选择

1. It's important to eat a ________ diet.

A. balanced             B. balance             C. balancing          D. balances

2. My mother is busy. She has         housework to do.

Atoo much           B. too many          C. much too           D. many too

3. You should not eat ________ 24 hours.

A. something in              B. nothing for        C. anything for      D. everything at

4. My mother is ill.

________

A. Don't worry.         B. No hurry.  C. I'm sorry to hear that. D. OK.

5. I feel stressed out. I have so much work to do every day.

You'd better not work too hard. It's good for you to take some ________, I think.

A. health                 B. exercise            C. lesson              D. work

二、用单词的适当形式填空。

1. Do you have water? I’m ____________ (thirst).

2. He can’t sleep (入睡). He gets too ____________ out. (stress)

3. ____________ Chinese doctors think it’s important to keep the balance of yin and yang. (tradition)

4. England is a ____________ country. (west)

5. He ____________ tired after a long walk yesterday. (get)

6. It’s ____________ learn English well. (importance)

三、完成句子。

1. 我们需要一个阴阳平衡。

We need ____________ ____________ ____________ yin and yang.

2. 或许你体内的“阴”太多。

____________ You have ____________ ____________ yin.

3. 吃党参和黄苓对这种情况有好处。

____________ Dangshen and Huangqi is ____________ ____________ this.

4. 饮食平衡很重要。

____________ ____________ to eat a balanced diet.

5. 我认为我的普通话没有提高。

I ____________ think my Putonghua ____________ ____________.

6. 听到你不舒服我很难过。

I’m ____________ ____________ ____________ that you’re not feeling well.

四、短文填空。

Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance o__________(1) yin and yang to be h__________(2). Are you often quiet and often t__________(3)? Maybe you have too m__________(4) yin. You s__________(5) eat hot yang foods. E__________(6) Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is g__________(7) for this. But people who are too s__________(8) out may have too much yang. It's easy to have a h__________(9) lifestyle. It's i__________(10) to eat a balanced diet.

五、语法练习

1. This kind of cake looks         and smells       .

A. good, well  B. well, good   C. good, good  D. well, well

2. I have to speak to my grandpa loudly because something is wrong with his        .

A. eyes               B. legs              C. mouth          D. ears

3. Chinese doctors believe that they should eat more foods        tofu.

A. for                B. like              C. as              D. and

4.You shouldn’t drink         water before sleep.

A. too much           B. much too                C. too many        D. too less

5.         important to exercise every day.

A. It’s               B. That’s            C. They’re         D. This is

6. There is nothing for dinner, so I have to buy         things at the supermarket.

A. few                B. a few                   C. little           D. a little

六、中考链接

1. Who is the girl standing over there?

Well, if you          know, her name is Joe. 2006年,兰州)

A. must             B. may              C. can             D. shall

2. He          the radio every morning. 2006年,山西)

A. listens to           B. listens           C. hears              D. hears of

3. The          now is that we have lots of          to ask. 2006年,天津)

A. question; problem  B. question; problems C. problem; questions  D. problem; question

4. He speaks very good English but he knows